Ultimate Guide to a 2023 – 2024 Turkish Christmas: How To Celebrate Christmas in Turkey


Turkish Christmas santa Claus

Last Updated on December 27, 2023 by Rikki

As I pen this article from the comfort of a cozy café in Türkiye, sipping on a rich, aromatic Turkish coffee, the blend of history and modernity that defines this nation is ever-present. Having enjoyed Türkiye on several visits, I am currently here for an extended stay of three months, which encompasses the Christmas holiday season. It’s a fascinating time to be in a country where East meets West, and where the weather defies the typical winter gloom with many a sunny day.

Even though Türkiye does not celebrate Christmas in the way Western cultures do, the warmth of the season is no less evident. The absence of traditional Christmas festivities is more than made up for by the genuine hospitality and rich traditions that the Turkish people observe during this time.

It is a curious and delightful experience to walk through the streets, knowing that I am treading the same land that gave the world the historical Saint Nicholas, or Noel Baba as he’s known here. I know… would you believe it?

The iconic figure of Santa Claus can be traced back hundreds of years to a monk known as St. Nicholas who lived centuries ago. Historians suggest that Nicholas came into the world around 280 A.D. in a place called Patara, which is close to Myra in what is now known as Turkiye.

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In this vibrant setting, I am witnessing the preparations for New Year’s celebrations that, in their friendliness and joy, parallel the Christmas festivities familiar to many around the globe. From the bustling holiday markets to the laughter-filled homes readying for New Year’s feasts, the festive spirit is unmistakable.

I am here, experiencing the unique traditions of Türkiye firsthand, and through my words, I invite you to live vicariously through my winter tales. Join me as I uncover what the holiday season in this culturally rich and historically profound country has to offer. If you’re planning to fly to Turkey to celebrate Christmas, here are some key takeaways to keep in mind:

Key Takeaways:

  • The blend of Eastern and Western cultures creates a unique festive experience.
  • The weather in Türkiye often brings sunny days during the winter holidays.
  • New Year’s celebrations in Türkiye are vibrant, reflecting the festive spirit familiar in Christmas traditions.
  • Türkiye’s connection to Saint Nicholas offers a unique historical aspect to the holiday season.
  • The weather in Türkiye often brings sunny days during the winter holidays. For more information on extending your sunny days on the shores of Türkiye, explore the best beaches in Türkiye with this comprehensive guide.
  • Your dollar stretches further on a vacation in Turkey, offering more value for travel, accommodations, and experiences.

Experiencing a Turkish Christmas: What to Expect During the Holidays in Turkey

When celebrating Christmas in Turkey, you may notice that the festivities are not as widespread as in Western countries. However, there are still some Christmas-related events and celebrations to enjoy.

While Christmas is not a public holiday in Turkey, you can find special events and celebrations in restaurants, hotels, and bars on New Year’s Eve. These venues often offer festive menus, live music, and entertainment to mark the occasion. It’s a great opportunity to immerse yourself in the lively atmosphere and celebrate with locals and visitors alike.

“While celebrating Christmas in Turkey may not be as widespread as in Western countries, there are still some Christmas-related festivities.”

Another popular feature during the Christmas season in Turkey is the Christmas markets. These markets, located in major cities like Istanbul and Izmir, are filled with festive food, handmade crafts, and unique souvenirs. It’s a great place to find gifts for your loved ones or simply indulge in the holiday spirit. The markets often have a vibrant atmosphere, with live performances and entertainment adding to the festive ambiance.

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Although Christmas is not widely celebrated in Turkey, some families may exchange gifts on New Year’s Eve. This tradition is influenced by Western customs and provides an opportunity for loved ones to come together and exchange tokens of affection. It’s a heartwarming way to celebrate the holiday season and create lasting memories with friends and family.

What To Expect During Christmas In Turkey
Christmas Events Restaurants, hotels, and bars offer special events and celebrations on New Year’s Eve.
Christmas Markets Festive markets with food, crafts, and souvenirs are popular in major cities.
Gift Exchange Some families exchange gifts on New Year’s Eve, influenced by Western customs.

History Of Christmas In Turkey

The history of Christmas in Turkey is deeply rooted in the story of Saint Nicholas, the beloved figure who inspired Santa Claus. Saint Nicholas, also known as the Bishop of Myra, was born in the ancient city of Myra, located in modern-day Antalya, Turkey.

He was known for his acts of generosity and gift-giving, which eventually led to his worldwide fame and the establishment of Christmas traditions.

During the 4th century CE, Saint Nicholas became a prominent figure in Christianity, known for his compassion and love for children. His legend spread across the world, and his feast day on December 6th became a significant date in many cultures. In Turkey, the birthplace of Saint Nicholas, the influence of Christmas traditions can still be seen, despite Christmas not being widely celebrated as a religious holiday.

Saint Nicholas remains an important symbol during the holiday season. His legacy lives on in Turkey, with various festivals and events dedicated to him. The city of Demre, located near the ancient ruins of Myra, hosts an annual Saint Nicholas Festival, attracting both locals and tourists who come to pay tribute to the beloved saint.

The Legend of Saint Nicholas

“The spirit of Saint Nicholas continues to inspire people around the world, reminding us of the importance of selflessness and generosity. Despite the cultural differences, the influence of Saint Nicholas in Turkey serves as a reminder of the universal values that Christmas represents.”

Saint Nicholas and Christmas Traditions in Turkey
Saint Nicholas was born in the city of Myra, in present-day Antalya, Turkey
His acts of generosity and gift-giving influenced Christmas traditions worldwide
Turkey celebrates the spirit of Saint Nicholas with festivals and events
Saint Nicholas continues to inspire people with his selflessness and kindness

The history of Christmas in Turkey is a testament to the enduring legacy of Saint Nicholas and the universal values he represents. While Christmas may not be widely celebrated in the country, the spirit of giving and goodwill that Saint Nicholas embodied remains an integral part of Turkish culture and the holiday season.

Do Turkish People Believe In Santa Claus?

When it comes to the belief in Santa Claus, Turkish people have their own unique perspective influenced by the country’s Muslim culture. While Santa Claus is not traditionally revered by the majority of Turkish people, his presence can still be seen during the New Year celebrations. In Turkish culture, Santa Claus, also known as “Noel Baba,” is associated with the celebration of the New Year rather than Christmas. During this time, you can find Santa Claus-themed decorations and figurines in shops and malls, adding to the festive atmosphere.

Although Turkish people may not believe in Santa Claus in the same way as Western cultures, the figure of Santa Claus still plays a prominent role in the New Year celebrations. Some municipalities even organize events where people dress up as Santa Claus and distribute gifts to children. This reflects the Turkish people’s enjoyment of the festive spirit and their willingness to embrace elements of Western traditions while maintaining their own cultural identity.

The Role of Santa Claus in Turkish Culture

The presence of Santa Claus in Turkish culture can be attributed to the influence of Western media and globalization. Through movies, television shows, and popular culture, the image of Santa Claus has become familiar to Turkish people, even if they do not associate him with Christmas. The introduction of Santa Claus into Turkish culture as part of the New Year celebrations is a testament to the country’s diverse and inclusive nature, where different traditions can coexist and be celebrated.

“While Turkish people may not believe in Santa Claus in the same way as Western cultures, Santa Claus still plays a prominent role in New Year celebrations.”

Overall, while the belief in Santa Claus may vary among individuals, Turkish people appreciate the joy and cheer that Santa Claus brings during the holiday season. Whether it’s through festive decorations, Santa Claus-themed events, or the exchange of gifts, the presence of Santa Claus adds an element of excitement and celebration to the New Year festivities in Turkey.

Aspect Turkish Culture’s View on Santa Claus
Belief Turkish people do not typically believe in Santa Claus in the same way as Western cultures, but rather embrace his presence in the New Year celebrations.
Cultural Significance Santa Claus is an iconic figure associated with the festive spirit and joy during the holiday season in Turkey.
Influence The presence of Santa Claus in Turkish culture is influenced by Western media and globalization, leading to his incorporation into New Year traditions.
Celebration Turkish people enjoy the festivities and embrace the cultural exchange by participating in Santa Claus-themed events and traditions during the New Year celebrations.

How To Say Merry Christmas In Turkish

When celebrating Christmas in Turkey, it can be a nice gesture to wish someone a Merry Christmas in Turkish. The phrase “Mutlu Noeller!” is commonly used to express this sentiment, which translates to “Have a happy Christmas.” You can use this greeting to spread holiday cheer and connect with the Turkish culture during the festive season.

Additionally, another phrase that you can use to convey holiday greetings is “Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun!” meaning “Happy New Year.” This expression is often used on New Year’s Eve to wish good luck to neighbors and relatives, and it can also be used to extend season’s greetings during the Christmas period.

In Turkish culture, expressing well wishes and spreading joy during special occasions is highly valued. By learning how to say Merry Christmas in Turkish, you can actively participate in the local customs and traditions and show respect for the culture.


If you want to greet someone with a Merry Christmas message, you can say:

“Mutlu Noeller!”

Alternatively, you can use the phrase “Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun!” to extend New Year’s greetings during the Christmas season:

“Yeni yılınız kutlu olsun!”

Remember, spreading holiday cheer and connecting with others through language is a wonderful way to embrace the spirit of Christmas in Turkey.

Christmas Traditions In Turkey

While Christmas is not a traditional holiday in Turkey, there are some New Year-related customs that resemble Western Christmas traditions. Homes and stores may decorate their windows with Christmas ornaments, and many people enjoy a special Christmas dinner with dishes like roast turkey.

It is also customary to serve baklava, Turkish delight, and chocolate to visitors. Some people believe that wearing red underwear on New Year’s Eve brings good luck for the coming year. Christmas markets, known as “Noel Pazarı” or “Yılbaşı Pazarı,” offer a variety of local products and souvenirs.

A Turkish Christmas Dinner

A highlight of Christmas in Turkey is the special Christmas dinner, where families gather to enjoy a feast of delicious Turkish cuisine. While the dishes may vary depending on regional preferences, some common favorites include:

  • Lahmacun: A thin, crispy flatbread topped with minced meat, vegetables, and herbs.
  • Pilav: Fragrant rice cooked with spices and sometimes mixed with nuts and dried fruits.
  • Meze: A selection of small dishes, such as hummus, stuffed vine leaves, and yogurt-based dips.
  • Roast Turkey: A centerpiece of the meal, often accompanied by stuffing and served with cranberry sauce.
  • Baklava: A sweet pastry made with layers of filo dough, nuts, and honey syrup.

These dishes, along with many others, create a festive and mouthwatering Christmas dinner experience in Turkey.

Red Underwear Tradition

One interesting tradition in Turkey during the New Year festivities is the belief that wearing red underwear on New Year’s Eve brings good luck for the coming year.

It is thought to symbolize love, passion, and a fresh start. Many people embrace this custom by buying new red underwear to wear on the last night of the year. It has become a fun and lighthearted tradition that adds a touch of excitement to the New Year celebrations.

Splash of red paint

Overall, while Christmas may not be a widely celebrated holiday in Turkey, the country offers its own unique blend of customs and traditions during the festive season. From special Christmas dinners to colorful markets and the red underwear tradition, experiencing Christmas in Turkey is an opportunity to embrace local culture and create lasting memories.

Christmas Traditions in Turkey Description
Window Decorations Homes and stores decorate their windows with Christmas ornaments to add a festive touch.
Christmas Dinner Families gather to enjoy a feast of traditional Turkish dishes, including roasted turkey, pilav, and baklava.
Red Underwear Tradition Wearing red underwear on New Year’s Eve is believed to bring good luck for the coming year.
Christmas Markets Noel Pazarı or Yılbaşı Pazarı offer a variety of local products and souvenirs for festive shopping.

Where To Find Christian Church Services In Turkey

While Christmas is not widely celebrated in Turkey, there are still churches that offer Christmas masses for those who want to attend. In Istanbul, you can find Christian church services at the Church of St. Anthony of Padua (Catholic), Crimean Church (Church of England), British Consulate Chapel of Saint Helena (Church of England), Venerable Patriarchal Church of Saint George (Orthodox), German Protestant Church (German Lutheran), and Protestant Church of Beşiktaş (Protestant). These churches provide services in English and offer a space for people to celebrate Christmas.

If you are in Istanbul during the Christmas season and want to experience a traditional Christmas service, the Church of St. Anthony of Padua is a popular choice. Located in the bustling Beyoğlu district, this Catholic church holds Christmas Eve and Christmas Day masses in English. The Crimean Church, situated near Taksim Square, also offers Christmas services in English for those looking for a more Anglican-style celebration.

For Orthodox Christians, the Venerable Patriarchal Church of Saint George is the main destination for Christmas services in Istanbul. This historic church hosts a midnight mass on Christmas Eve, followed by a festive liturgy on Christmas Day. The German Protestant Church in İstanbul, located in the Şişli district, conducts Christmas services in German and provides a welcoming atmosphere for visitors.

Church Name Denomination Location Language
Church of St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Beyoğlu, Istanbul English
Crimean Church Church of England Taksim, Istanbul English
British Consulate Chapel of Saint Helena Church of England Beyoğlu, Istanbul English
Venerable Patriarchal Church of Saint George Orthodox Fener, Istanbul Greek, Turkish
German Protestant Church German Lutheran Şişli, Istanbul German
Protestant Church of Beşiktaş Protestant Beşiktaş, Istanbul Turkish

Attending a Christmas service in Istanbul can be a meaningful and culturally enriching experience, allowing you to connect with the local Christian community and witness their traditions in a unique setting.

Where to Spend the Christmas Season in Turkey: Places to Visit to Celebrate Christmas

If you’re looking to spend the Christmas season in Turkey, there are several cities that offer a memorable experience. Istanbul, the vibrant capital, is a great place to enjoy shopping at malls like Vadistanbul and Cevahir, dine at restaurants like Nicole and Panoramic Restaurant, and visit iconic sites like the Grand Bazaar and Pierre Loti Café. In Izmir, you can explore shopping malls such as MaviBahçe AVM and Hilltown AVM, dine at restaurants like Deniz Restaurant and La Cigale Alsancak, and visit charming towns like Şirince. Antalya, known for its beautiful beaches, offers attractions like the St. Nicholas Church & Museum, Land of Legends theme park, and Taşkapı Konyaaltı Meyhanesi for dining.

Whether you prefer the hustle and bustle of a cosmopolitan city, the coastal beauty of Antalya, or the historical charm of Izmir, each of these Turkish cities has its own unique charm to offer during the Christmas season. From exploring ancient ruins to indulging in delicious cuisine, there’s something for everyone to enjoy. So, pack your bags and get ready to experience the magic of Christmas in Turkey!

Top Attractions in Turkish Cities during the Christmas Season: Celebrating Christmas in Turkey

During the festive season, Turkey offers many distinctive experiences. Traverse the labyrinthine aisles of Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar, marvel at the grandeur of the Hagia Sophia, climb the storied Galata Tower, and sail on a Bosphorus Cruise. Beyond Istanbul, Izmir’s ancient city of Ephesus in Izmir, the St. Nicholas Church & Museum in Antalya. These tours give you a peek into the great times of Turkey’s past and the mix of cultures that have shaped its history.

City Top Attractions
Istanbul Grand Bazaar, Hagia Sophia, Galata Tower, Bosphorus Cruise
Izmir Ephesus, Şirince, MaviBahçe AVM, Hilltown AVM
Antalya St. Nicholas Church & Museum, Land of Legends theme park, Antalya beaches

No matter which city you choose to spend your Christmas in Turkey, you’re in for a magical and unforgettable experience. From exploring historical sites to indulging in delicious cuisine, there’s something for everyone to enjoy. Don’t miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the unique traditions and festive atmosphere of Turkish Christmas celebrations.

Things To Do During Christmas In Turkey

During the Christmas season in Turkey, there are plenty of activities to enjoy. In Istanbul, you can explore the city’s historical sites like the Hagia Sophia and Galata Tower, visit parks like Gülhane Parkı, and take a cruise along the Bosphorus strait. The vibrant city offers a mix of cultural and historical attractions, providing a fascinating backdrop for your Christmas adventures.

Top Attractions in Istanbul:

  • Visit the iconic Hagia Sophia, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and marvel at its stunning Byzantine architecture.
  • Climb to the top of the Galata Tower for panoramic views of the city.
  • Stroll through the historic Sultanahmet Square and explore the Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace, and Basilica Cistern.
  • Take a leisurely cruise along the Bosphorus strait, admiring the city’s skyline and picturesque waterfront.
  • Visit Gülhane Parkı, one of Istanbul’s oldest and most beautiful parks, and enjoy a peaceful walk amidst nature.

In Antalya, you can visit the ancient city of Patara, relax at the beautiful beaches, and experience the vibrant nightlife. Antalya is renowned for its stunning coastal scenery and rich historical heritage, making it an ideal destination for a Christmas getaway.

Must-Visit Places in Antalya:

  • Explore the ancient ruins of Patara, an archaeological site that was once a major city in Lycia.
  • Relax and soak up the sun on the pristine beaches of Konyaaltı and Lara.
  • Experience the vibrant nightlife in Antalya’s Old Town (Kaleiçi), with its narrow streets filled with bars, restaurants, and clubs.
  • Visit the St. Nicholas Church & Museum in Demre, believed to be the burial place of the legendary Santa Claus.
  • Indulge in delicious Turkish cuisine at local restaurants, sampling specialties like kebabs, mezes, and baklava.

In Izmir, you can explore the ancient city of Ephesus, visit the picturesque town of Şirince, and enjoy the local cuisine. Izmir offers a blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, making it a fantastic destination for a Christmas vacation.

Key Highlights in Izmir:

  • Discover the ancient city of Ephesus, one of the best-preserved archaeological sites in the world.
  • Explore the charming town of Şirince, known for its traditional stone houses and locally produced wine.
  • Take a leisurely stroll along the Kordon Promenade, enjoying views of the Aegean Sea and the city’s vibrant atmosphere.
  • Visit the Archaeological Museum of Izmir, home to a vast collection of artifacts from the region’s rich history.
  • Indulge in delicious Izmir cuisine, known for its fresh seafood, grilled meats, and flavorful mezes.

Whether you’re exploring Istanbul’s historical sites, relaxing on the beaches of Antalya, or discovering the ancient ruins in Izmir, Turkey offers a range of exciting activities to make your Christmas in Turkey truly memorable.


As I wrap up my guide to celebrating Christmas in Turkey, it’s clear that this unique experience offers a delightful blend of Turkish culture and Western traditions. While Christmas may not be widely observed as a religious holiday, the spirit of the season can be felt throughout the country. The influence of Santa Claus, the vibrant Christmas decorations, and the special customs make for a festive atmosphere.

Exploring Turkey’s dynamic cities such as Istanbul, experiencing the beautiful beaches of Antalya, or immersing yourself in the historical sites of Izmir, you’ll find a perfect setting for your Christmas celebrations. The delicious Turkish cuisine, the welcoming people, and the rich cultural heritage add an extra layer of charm to your holiday experience.

So, if you’re looking for a unique and memorable Christmas celebration, why not consider Turkey? Whether you’re strolling through the Christmas markets, savoring a traditional Turkish Christmas dinner, or joining in the New Year festivities, you’ll discover a delightful fusion of traditions and celebrations in this fascinating country.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Is Christmas celebrated in Turkey?

Yes, Christmas is celebrated in Turkey, although it is not a widely practiced holiday in the country. Turkey has a predominantly Muslim population, but Christmas is observed by some residents, especially in cosmopolitan cities like Istanbul.

What are the Christmas traditions in Turkey?

In Turkey, Christmas traditions may include decorating Christmas trees, exchanging gifts, and having a festive dinner with family and friends. Some people also attend special church services or participate in charity events during the holiday season.

Who is Santa Claus in Turkey?

In Turkey, Santa Claus is known as Noel Baba. He is believed to bring gifts to children on Christmas Eve. The concept of Santa Claus is similar to the traditional figure of Saint Nicholas, who was known for his generosity.

Is Christmas a public holiday in Turkey?

Christmas is not a public holiday in Turkey. However, it is recognized as a festive time of the year, and some businesses and schools may have special holiday closures or reduced working hours.

What are some popular Christmas foods in Turkey?

During Christmas in Turkey, people may enjoy traditional dishes such as roasted turkey, baklava (a sweet pastry), stuffed grape leaves, and various types of desserts. The specific food choices can vary depending on individual preferences and regional customs.

How is Christmas celebrated in Turkey?

The celebration of Christmas in Turkey may involve decorating homes and streets with lights and ornaments, giving and receiving gifts, enjoying special meals with loved ones, and participating in festive events. Some people also exchange holiday greetings and wishes.

Can tourists celebrate Christmas in Turkey?

Absolutely! Tourists visiting Turkey can celebrate Christmas by joining local festivities, exploring Christmas markets, indulging in traditional food, and experiencing the unique blend of Turkish and international holiday traditions.

What is a Christmas tree?

A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer, associated with the celebration of Christmas. It is a popular tradition in many countries around the world, including Turkey.

What is the history behind Christmas?

The history of Christmas dates back to ancient times and has evolved over centuries. Christmas is primarily celebrated as the birth of Jesus Christ in Christian religious traditions, but it also incorporates various pre-Christian winter festivals and customs that have been adapted into the celebration, blending historical and cultural elements from around the world.


Hi, I’m Rikki

I’m a passionate author and blogger, sharing my thoughts and experiences on life and travel.

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