Moving to Germany will become easier for skilled workers in 2024 thanks to a new visa scheme. Germany’s immigration law reforms, which will be implemented in three stages starting in November, aim to attract skilled foreign workers to fill the country’s 1.74 million vacant job positions.
The new law will make it easier for third-country nationals, particularly those with vocational, and non-academic training, to work in Germany. Existing rules for qualified professionals with university degrees will also be relaxed.
By modernizing the visa process and simplifying bureaucracy, Germany hopes to address its labor shortage and ensure the efficiency of its economy and social security systems. With a points-based system and an opportunity card, Germany plans to make the immigration process more accessible and attractive to skilled workers.
Germany Introduces New Visa Scheme to Make Moving Easier for Skilled Workers
Germany’s Immigration Law Reforms
Germany’s immigration law reforms are set to introduce a new visa scheme that will make it easier for skilled workers from outside the European Union (EU) to move to Germany. These reforms will be implemented in three stages, with the first stage expected to come into effect in November of this year. The German government finalized the approval for this new law in July, and it aims to attract skilled foreign workers and address the current labor shortages in the country.
The modernization of Germany’s immigration legislation is expected to simplify the process for third-country nationals to work in the country. This move is projected to increase the number of non-EU workers in Germany by an estimated 60,000 per year. The focus of the reforms will be on workers with vocational, and non-academic training, although rules for qualified professionals with university degrees will also be relaxed.
Germany’s Shortage of Skilled Workers
Germany is currently experiencing a significant shortage of skilled workers, with approximately 1.74 million vacant job positions across the country. This shortage has had a profound impact on companies, forcing them to slow down their operations and affecting almost half of all surveyed businesses. In response, Germany aims to fill this gap by attracting qualified professionals from outside the EU. However, the current immigration process is hindered by bureaucracy and inefficiency.
Recognizing the need to address this labor shortage, the German government intends to streamline the visa process and improve the digitization and efficiency of the system. The goal is to ensure that Germany has enough skilled workers to support its economy and social security systems. While there is freedom of movement within the EU, attracting workers from the rest of the world presents a greater challenge. The immigration law reforms seek to overcome these challenges and attract skilled foreign workers to Germany.
Germany’s Plan to Attract Skilled Foreign Workers
To address the shortage of skilled workers, Germany has introduced an innovative initiative called the ‘Chancenkarte’ or Opportunity Card. This card utilizes a points-based system to facilitate the entry of workers with the required skills into Germany. The Opportunity Card strategy, proposed by Labour Minister Hubertus Heil, aims to address the country’s labor shortages by targeting individuals who do not yet have a work contract in Germany.
The points-based system of the Opportunity Card considers various factors, including qualifications, professional experience, age, German language skills, and ties to Germany, such as family members in the country. Quotas will be set each year based on industries in need of workers. To be eligible for the Opportunity Card scheme, applicants must meet three out of four criteria, which include having a degree or vocational training, three years of professional experience, language skills, or a previous stay in Germany, and being 35 years old or younger.
The Opportunity Card will enable individuals to come to Germany and search for employment or apprenticeships while in the country, simplifying the job-seeking process. It also allows applicants to work up to 20 hours per week while looking for full-time employment, easing the transition for job seekers. The exact details of the Opportunity Card scheme are yet to be formalized, and it is expected to be available by the end of 2023.
Main Changes to Germany’s Immigration Policies
The new immigration policies in Germany bring substantial changes that aim to attract skilled workers more effectively. One noteworthy change is a shift in focus from university degrees to professional experience. Germany recognizes the value of experience and qualifications acquired in workers’ native countries, offering more flexibility in accepting job experience and qualifications.
Additionally, the immigration reforms will make it easier for job seekers to find employment with the introduction of the Opportunity Card. Qualified job seekers with degrees or vocational certificates will be allowed to stay in the country for one year as they search for employment, with permission to work up to 20 hours per week. The reforms also include the relaxation of rules for job offer holders and diploma holders, as well as lowered salary thresholds and easier family sponsorship.
These changes reflect Germany’s commitment to attracting a diverse range of skilled workers and ensuring a smooth immigration process for both individuals and businesses.
Industries Worst Hit by Staff Shortages in Germany
Germany’s labor shortages have had a significant impact on various industries across the country. Some of the industries experiencing the highest shortage of skilled workers include the service sector, specifically the accommodation and event industries. This shortage has led to operational challenges and slower growth in these sectors.
Other sectors affected by the shortage include warehousing, manufacturing, retail, and construction. These industries play vital roles in Germany’s economy and require skilled workers to sustain their operations. The demand for IT specialists, carers, nursing professionals, and hospitality professionals is particularly high. These occupations are crucial for the country’s infrastructure and essential services.
However, it is worth noting that certain industries, such as the pharmaceutical and chemical industries, report relatively lower shortages of skilled workers. The automotive and mechanical engineering industries also face less severe shortages compared to other sectors.
Recognizing the significance of addressing labor shortages in critical industries, Germany’s immigration law reforms aim to attract skilled professionals to these sectors, ensuring the long-term stability of the country’s economy.
In conclusion, Germany’s new immigration law reforms introduced a comprehensive visa scheme to make moving easier for skilled foreign workers. These reforms address the shortage of skilled workers in the country and aim to attract professionals from outside the EU.
By introducing the Opportunity Card and implementing changes to immigration policies, Germany hopes to streamline the process, promote professional experience over university degrees, and target industries most affected by staff shortages. Through these measures, Germany aims to create a more efficient and welcoming environment for skilled workers, ensuring the continued growth and prosperity of the country’s economy.